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Description of apricot variety "Delight" is known today to many domestic amateur gardeners. The variety is quite popular due to the large number of advantages and has earned numerous positive reviews in most regions of our country. Among the northern and winter-hardy apricots, this variety is currently one of the best and most promising.
Varietal characteristic and description
Apricot called "Delight" was bred relatively recently. The authors of this variety with decent winter hardiness were F. M. Gasimov and K. K. Mulloyanov. The variety is an apricot seedling called "Spicy", obtained as a result of free pollination.
The standard height of an adult fruit-bearing tree does not exceed 3 m with an average crown diameter of 4.5-4.7 m. The fruit stands are characterized by winter hardiness and winter well in regions with adverse weather conditions, passing in the spring without visible signs of freezing of the ground part. Fruits are rounded, isosceles. The average weight of marketable apricot is not more than 22.5-23.5 g, and the size does not exceed 3.6 x 3.5 x 3.3 cm. Staining the surface of the fetus is yellow, with a pronounced red tan.
The skin is friable, thin, but does not separate from the juicy, medium-dense, light orange pulp. Ripe flesh of fine fibrous structure, well move away from the oval bone. Apricot trees are good honey plants and form a lot of beetroot, therefore, bees are well attracted even in cloudy weather.
Apricots in the middle lane
Winter hardiness and preparation for winter
The winter hardiness indices of the Vostorg apricot can be adversely affected by unfavorable factors such as thaws and sharp temperature drops. Such conditions provoke damage to flower buds and significantly reduce productivity, and can also cause irregular fruiting.
It is especially important to take care of the hassle-free wintering of young fruit stands, which are characterized by a sufficiently strong and long-lasting development, which does not allow them to qualitatively prepare for frosts. The result is the freezing of not lignified shoots.
To reduce the risk of damage and sunburn in the winter and spring, it is necessary to whiten the stem and the base of skeletal branches in autumn. For whitewashing, it is recommended to use a solution of lime with the addition of copper sulfate and flour paste. The use of water-based paint or ready-made special garden whitewash is allowed. It is also very important to carry out sanitary pruning in the autumn period and provide plants with protection from rodents.
Growing apricot "Delight" in the conditions of amateur gardening involves the competent selection of the site and its high-quality preparation for planting:
- the soil on the site should be as loose as possible, and also easily permeable to moisture and air, with neutral or slightly alkaline indicators;
- optimal for growing apricot are soils, represented by three components in the form of clay, peat and sand, mixed in equal proportions;
- on cultivated soils with high fertility rates, the size and depth of the planting pit should be 65-70 cm;
- on heavy and infertile soils, the standard dimensions of the landing pit cannot be less than 1 x 1 m;
- a prerequisite is a low occurrence of groundwater, as well as the creation of high-quality drainage in the area allocated for the cultivation of fruit crops.
It is important to remember that in central Russia apricot seedlings should be planted in the spring, and in the southern regions, plants can be planted not only in spring but also in autumn.
Gardeners reviews and tips
Apricot "Delight" deservedly received the highest rating of taste and appearance. According to gardeners, plants have excellent winter hardiness, excellent taste and visual attractiveness of fruits. The variety is characterized by high productivity. The fruits can be estimated as very large, of excellent taste, bright yellow in color, with a crimson crimson blush. Apricot seedlings of this variety grafted on the rootstock of the Manchu apricot show a very good result.
Apricot: planting and care
The main disadvantage of the Apricot variety "Delight" is self-fertility, which involves the cultivation of pollinating plants on a personal plot. The universal pollinator is considered to be Manchurian apricot, which is able to tolerate winter frosts up to -48-50 ° С without problems. Any other blossoming apricot varieties that can bloom at the same time as "Delight" can become pollinators.