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Passiflora is a plant from the family of passion flowers, and is also called the passion flower "Cavalier Star." The beneficial properties of passionflower have been known for a long time and are widely used in the treatment of many diseases.
Most passiflora species naturally occur in the tropics of America, Brazil and Peru. Some species are found in tropical regions of Asia and Australia. A special kind of passionflower is found exclusively on the island of Madagascar. In our country, the bush of Passiflora incarnata is cultivated as a medicinal plant on the territory of the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus.
Heat-loving passionflower belongs to the category of hygrophilous plants. The stems are represented by curly smooth vines. Leaves have a very interesting and unusual color. As a rule, the upper part differs in color from the lower side. Flowering is very decorative. Flowers can be painted white, red or light purple. The fruits are relatively large. Flowering occurs in the summer and long.
Useful and healing properties
Passiflora leaves have a high content of alkaloids, which are able to have a sedative and hypnotic effect. Flavonoids, protein and pectin substances present in the composition also have a beneficial effect on the body. The plant contains traces of beta-carbolines, maltol, saponin, flavonoids, vitamin C and alkaloids, including harmole, harmine and harman.
Useful properties of the plant allowed the use of plant materials for the preparation of infusions, extracts, decoctions and other medicines, and aromatic oil with passionflower extract is most widely used in cosmetology and perfumery.
Ripe fruits are not of all kinds suitable for eating. When growing, it should be remembered that not fully ripened passion fruit is characterized by a fairly high content of cyanides, which have a negative effect on the human body.
Passiflora: useful properties
Use in homeopathy
Passiflora is able to have a direct therapeutic effect, and the plant was introduced into homeopathy after the description in the collection of "New remedies". The main active ingredients of passiflora are flavonoids, coumarin, maltol, umbelliferone and alkaloids that have soothing properties that are part of plant materials. Based on numerous observations, it was possible to draw conclusions about the positive effects on the body and the possibility of using it for treatment:
- delirium tremens;
- neuralgic pains;
- teething pain;
- tonic seizures of newborns;
In addition, improvements were noted in the use of Passiflora remedies for prolonged and exhausting labor, as well as neuralgic pains in the extremities. Insomnia, neurasthenia, irritability and anxiety that occur with menopause are recommended to be treated with juice or tincture of passionflower:
- squeeze the juice from several leaves, and add five drops to room temperature water. Such a composition must be taken at night with insomnia;
- to prepare tinctures, passiflora shoots should be poured with 0.5 l of vodka, insisted for two weeks and filtered. For insomnia, 10 drops are used before bedtime, and for neurasthenia, irritability and anxiety, 5 drops should be taken three times a day;
- a good result gives an infusion based on one teaspoon of chopped passionflower and the same amount of common hop, as well as the roots of Valerian officinalis, diluted in 200 ml of water.
Indications for use
Due to the healing properties of passionflower, it is used not only in homeopathy, but also is part of multicomponent, complex medicines.
Indications for the use of such drugs are as follows:
- the presence of dizziness of unknown etiology;
- instability of mood and pronounced introversion;
- a tendency to sudden and violent outbursts of anger;
- increased level of sensitivity or irritability;
- the presence of compressive pain in the region of the heart and behind the sternum;
- feeling of panic attack;
- shallow sleep, insomnia and frequent awakenings;
- increased irritability.
In complex preparations, mutual complementation is observed, as well as a positive effect on the central and autonomic nervous, cardiovascular system, which is good for treatment. It should be remembered that the interaction of drugs that depress the central nervous system, including alcohol, sedatives and sleeping pills, potentiates the effect of the drug.
According to numerous reference books of medicinal plants, the use of passionflower is not capable of causing side effects and is suitable for almost all age categories. The exception is people suffering from individual intolerance. However, it must be remembered that the use of extracts and other medicines based on passionflower involves a preliminary visit to the doctor, since the presence of exacerbations of serious diseases can serve as a contraindication.
Passiflora: seed cultivation
Passiflora teas have not only sedative, but also hypotonic effects, so they are not recommended for people with low blood pressure. It is also necessary to be careful when consuming passiflora by very young children and pregnant women. The use of passionflower extract for cerebral arteriosclerosis, myocardial infarction and excessive amounts of uric acid salts in the body should be categorically excluded. We should not forget about the individual intolerance of this valuable medicinal plant.