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The benefits and harms of salt for horses, how to give a lick correctly and which one to choose

The benefits and harms of salt for horses, how to give a lick correctly and which one to choose


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Several factors affect the salt requirements of horses and workhorses: age, physiological condition, exercise intensity, diet. But, in any case, the benefits of salt for horses cannot be overstated. Its deficiency leads to loss of appetite, provokes a violation of the processes of thermoregulation of the body. How to give it to pets correctly - let's talk in more detail.

Why horses love to lick salt

In almost every stall, a caring owner ties up a bar of salt. To make the briquettes available to several horses, salted "cobblestones" are placed on pastures (hung on a fence or fixed next to drinkers). Horses especially love to lick briquettes on pastures, since when grazing, the herbal diet is characterized by a lack of sodium and an excess of potassium. A large amount of this fresh green food can provoke digestive upset.

Youngsters also like to feast on salt during the growth period, feeding mares. It is not recommended to pour grains into the feeder, because the animal can eat more than the norm of the bulk product. Or the horse may refuse to eat salty food.

It is recommended to place the briquettes at a certain level so that the horse does not have to lower its muzzle too much or raise it high. In horse stalls, briquettes must be fixed during periods of active physical exertion.

Benefit and harm

Sodium and chlorine are the main components of the product that have a positive effect on the animal's body:

  • the distribution of water in the body is regulated;
  • sodium contributes to the preservation of trace elements in the blood;
  • in hot weather it is a prevention of thermal and solar strokes;
  • chlorine regulates the acid-base balance of the blood, accelerates the absorption of glucose.

When adding a product to the diet of horses, you need to remember the dangers of excess. "Salty" cons:

  • water retention in the body;
  • impaired renal function;
  • imbalance of trace elements, provoking the onset of diseases.

Naturally, salt, like any edible substance, exhibits both positive and negative qualities. Therefore, it is important to control the rate of consumption by animals.

What salt to choose, how and how much to give to horses?

Since excessive consumption is fraught with negative consequences, you need to monitor the amount of product consumed by animals of different ages.

Daily norms:

  • adult animals - 40 g;
  • young animals (1-3 years old) - 30-35 g;
  • foals - 20 g.

Most animals prefer to lick Himalayan salt, which is rich in minerals and trace elements (magnesium, iron, calcium, potassium, copper). The product is well absorbed by the body, helps to remove harmful substances, promotes muscle growth and strengthens bones. It is realized in the form of pink briquettes.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

It is convenient to hang the lick on supports or a fence so that the horse licks off the required amount of salt. Usually a small briquette is enough for 7-8 weeks. Depending on the number of animals, briquettes weighing from 2 to 8 kg can be suspended.

A plain white feed powder (sodium chloride without additives) can also be used. In the summertime, licks with iodized salt can be hung on the pastures. If special feed is used in winter, then the iodized product is not given to horses in order to exclude excess iodine.

When choosing a product, you need to take into account the preferences of the animal. To find a suitable option, briquettes of various types are hung on supports and the horses' taste desires are observed. It is also important to control the quality of the product. It is advisable to place the briquettes in a dry place, protected from dust.


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