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Large-fruited pumpkin varieties are especially popular in our country, since they grow well in the harsh conditions of the middle lane, are well stored and have an excellent sweet taste. The variety of species makes it possible for each gardener to choose the best version of the "orange beauty" for himself.
Due to its unpretentiousness, the early-ripe Russian pumpkin is an excellent choice for beginners and those who cannot devote a lot of time to growing and caring for it.
The description and characteristics of the variety are as follows:
- the fruit is similar in shape to whirligig;
- its weight is from 2 to 4 kg;
- the pulp is bright, sweet, with a melon aroma, can be up to 6 cm thick;
- the skin is dense and durable, thanks to which the pumpkin is stored until spring, retaining its useful and taste properties.
To grow a Russian pumpkin, it is important to carry out competent planting, soil cultivation and care. You can plant a pumpkin with both seeds and seedlings. The best soil is sandy loam and loam. Two days before planting, the beds are dug up with the introduction of nitrogen-containing additives. When growing pumpkin seedlings, it is advisable to use a special peat-distilled container, which is filled with soil consisting of turf and humus, in a ratio of 4: 1.
You can plant a Russian woman in the ground in mid-late May, when the soil temperature rises above 12 ° C. The bush turns out to be compact, so it does not need much space: the optimal distance between the plants is 60 cm. The holes 5 cm deep are pre-moistened.
Further actions are reduced to timely weeding, loosening, fertilization. The formation of pumpkin lashes is performed by pinching the main and additional stems. However, this type of pumpkin vegetable is so unpretentious that it can give a good harvest even in the absence of care.
The fruits of the mid-ripening variety Sweets were loved by gardeners for their exquisite sweet taste and the fact that long storage does not harm them at all, but, on the contrary, makes them even softer, sweeter and more tasty.
Among the descriptions of pumpkin the following benefits:
- High productivity.
- Excellent taste.
- High percentage of carotene and vitamin C.
You can cook first and second courses from pumpkin Sweets, add raw to salads. Juices prepared from fruits are especially useful, containing a large amount of pectin, which has a beneficial effect on the state of the gastrointestinal tract.
To plant this pumpkin, you will need a spacious area lit by the sun, since the whips it releases can reach 2 meters. The best soil for Candy is light and medium loamy soils. Before planting, the soil should be dug up and manure or rotted compost should be added to it (1 m2 make 7 kg).
In warm regions, Candy is planted with seeds, in cold regions - with seedlings.
When growing pumpkin seeds, follow these steps:
- Check the seeds for germination by wrapping them in a damp cloth for a day.
- Disinfect by placing in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
- Hardening: soak in warm water and leave in the refrigerator for 3-4 days.
For planting, holes 8 cm deep are needed: the distance between adjacent holes is at least 90 cm. Each hole must be moistened and 3-4 seeds should be placed in it. When sprouts appear, only one, the strongest, should be left.
For growing seedlings and the convenience of subsequent care, you can use any container with a depth of 8 cm. It is filled with turf soil with the addition of peat and humus, the seeds are planted in holes 5 cm deep and the container is placed in a cool, well-lit place. After 2 weeks, the pumpkin sprouts should be carefully tilted and covered with soil. A few days before planting, the seedlings are daily taken outside for several hours in order to harden.
Top dressing, watering and loosening are performed no earlier than 10 days after planting. The best fertilizer for this pumpkin variety is a solution of chicken manure (1 part to 20 parts water). From mineral additives, Sweetie likes ammonium nitrate. To strengthen the root system, dusting the lashes with earth allows.
With proper care, on each of the lashes, from 6 to 8 fruits are usually tied, which, when ripe, reach, on average, a weight of 3 kg. If you want to get larger fruits, pinching is done on the main stem of the pumpkin (after 3-4 ovaries).
Pumpkin Kroshka belongs to mid-season varieties with a vegetative period of 115–125 days.
In the descriptions of seeds, the following characteristics are most often given:
- fruits weigh only 1-2 kg;
- have a round, slightly flattened shape;
- its skin is almost white, greenish and firm;
- the pulp is bright orange, sweet, slightly juicy, with a pleasant nutty aroma.
Pumpkin seeds, which taste like a nut, are highly prized.
To grow an excellent harvest, Crumb should be planted in May, in a greenhouse, for which pre-soaked pumpkin seeds are buried in the soil with a blunt tip down. After the appearance of the first two leaves, the plant can be transplanted into a moist open ground.
If there is a chance of frost, the seedlings are protected from above by caps made of plastic 5-liter bottles with a cut-off bottom.
When Crumb grows up, the bottles can be removed, and the ground around the plants can be covered with grass. After the appearance of 2 or 3 ovaries, the lashes should be pinned. These plants are distinguished by the fact that they do not require special care: weeding, watering, feeding with organic fertilizers will make it possible to collect a decent harvest in the fall.
One hundred pound
The one-hundred-pound pumpkin belongs to the mid-late varieties, the fruits of its spherical shape with a smooth surface, having a weakly segmented structure, varies from 10 to 50 kg. The skin is thin, yellow-orange, the flesh is creamy, loose, slightly sweet.
One hundred pound pumpkin contains pectin, a whole complex of vitamins, valuable organic acids and minerals, can be consumed fresh, in the form of juices or in processed form.
Pumpkin can be planted as seeds in soil warmed up to 12 ° C (in April-May), or seedlings, with transplantation into open ground in a month. One hundred pound is ideal for open, unshaded areas with super sandy or light loamy soil.
The plant forms lashes of medium length, so there should be at least 80 cm between the nearest holes when planting. The depth of the holes is 5-10 cm.
According to the description, the variety is not afraid of powdery mildew and bacteriosis, is not susceptible to rot, but in cold regions it does not have time to ripen, therefore it is grown mainly in the southern regions. Plant care is reduced to regular watering, weeding, loosening, top dressing, the harvest is harvested from late August to mid-September.
Red Riding Hood
The ripe fruits of the Red Riding Hood Pumpkin or Turban Pumpkin outwardly resemble a mushroom with a red cap. Their weight can vary from 300 grams to 4 kg.
Among the advantages of a vegetable and what affects the favorable reasons for seed germination are the following:
- Early maturity: the growing season is about 100 days.
- High yield: one bush can produce 20 fruits.
- Cold resistance.
- Drought resistance.
- Immunity to powdery mildew.
But the main advantage that conquers many gardeners is the amazing taste of the bright orange pulp of the pumpkin: tender, crumbly, with a light melon aroma and devoid of the astringency inherent in other large-fruited varieties. Also, this variety is attractive for its ability to ripen during storage, becoming sweeter and tastier by the middle of winter.
You can grow Little Red Riding Hood by seeds (planting in May-June) or seedlings (planting in April-May). The scourges of this plant are quite long (up to 3 meters), but if you create a support for it, then the bush will grow up and will not take up much space.
Planting pumpkins in open ground should be done by choosing a sufficiently lit area, avoiding places where pumpkins of other varieties or their "close relatives" used to grow: cucumbers, zucchini. Neighborhood with other representatives of large-fruited pumpkins is also undesirable.
Pumpkin fruits Sweet chestnut are small, weigh about 600 g, have the shape of an oblate ball, there is a weak segmentation. The skin is thin, dark green with lighter spots. The pulp is bright, dense, starchy and sweet, tastes like an edible chestnut, crumbly when baked.
Sweet chestnuts are sensitive to cold, therefore, in conditions of the middle lane, it is better to grow pumpkin seedlings. Pumpkin seeds for seedlings are sown in early May, at 20-30 ° C and good light, the first shoots appear in a week. In the absence of frost, you can transplant into open ground in mid-May.
Seed planting, which takes place at the end of May, mid-June, is possible in regions with warmer climates. Seeds are planted in a well-lit area with fertile, carefully prepared soil, there should be at least 70 cm between the nearest plants, the distance between adjacent beds should be 1 m. Planting depth - 8-10 cm.
Sweet chestnut is undemanding to care: regular watering and weeding will help increase productivity at home. Harvesting takes place at the end of August - beginning of September. The fruits can be stored until early spring.
The baby belongs to the early ripening varieties of pumpkin: only 3 months pass from the appearance of the first shoots to the full ripening of the fruit. Female flowers are formed as early as 30–40 days, so the plant should be protected from frost by covering it with plastic caps.
Baby pumpkin belongs to bush varieties, which forms a compact bush with medium-length lashes. Fruits are slightly flattened, segmented, located at the base of the stem, their weight does not exceed 4 kg, the skin is dark gray with brown spots, rough. The pulp is of medium density, crispy, sweet, tasty, high in sugar and carotene.
In the middle lane, Malyshka is grown mainly in the standard way - seedlings. Sowing is carried out in April, for seedlings you need a well-fertilized moist soil with a temperature of 25-30 ° C. Transplanting into the ground - in May-June, the plants are planted no closer than 60 cm from each other, the intervals between adjacent rows are 1 m. The holes are pre-moistened.
With timely weeding, watering and applying organic fertilizers, the pumpkin variety Malyshka is able to give a good harvest (3.2 kg / m2) by the end of summer, beginning of autumn.
This type of pumpkin does not require frequent, abundant watering and mulching, but it loves warmth, so it will be the best option for residents of hot, arid regions.
The Parisian gold variety has the following characteristics:
- fruits are bright golden in color, in the form of an oblate ball and with weak segmentation;
- the weight of a ripe pumpkin is from 4 to 10 kg, but when planted on fertile soils, it reaches 16 kg;
- the skin is thick, bumpy, the pulp is bright orange, tasty, juicy, making this variety ideal for juices, soups and baby food.
Parisian gold can be stored for a year without losing its taste. The variety belongs to early maturing, loves sandy loam and loamy soils, as well as sunny and warm areas. It can be planted with seeds, but it is better to grow seedlings to increase yields. Sowing for seedlings is carried out in May, transplanting into open ground is possible after the ground warms up to a temperature of 10-12 ° C. The ideal place to grow is the middle lane.
When planting with seeds (May-June), they are buried in the soil by 1.5 cm, 2 grains are placed in each hole, and when shoots appear, a weaker sprout is removed. The distance between the holes is at least 60 cm.
To increase the yield of pumpkin Parisian gold allows you to:
- Pinching of the main stem and lateral lashes after the appearance of several ovaries on them.
- Timely watering, loosening, weeding.
- Feeding with organic fertilizers (chicken droppings).
- Mulching the soil with peat or dry humus.
- Hilling plants with moist soil (to strengthen the root system).
The growing season is about 100 days, and the harvest is in August-September.
Titanium is the best solution for gardeners who want to grow a pumpkin of record size on a plot: the average weight of a ripe pumpkin is about 50 kg, the maximum is 500 kg! Fruits can be flattened, absolutely round, or elongated, have a bright orange color and clear segmentation. The pulp is sweet and juicy.
Pumpkin variety Titan belongs to the mid-season. Ripens within 4 months, requires space, since it forms powerful and long lashes up to 7 meters long: each plant is recommended to be placed in a square with a side of 1 m.In addition, it will need a sufficient amount of light, moderate soil moisture, fertile, fertilized with humus soil and an average temperature of 15 ° C.
It should be remembered that Titan does not like acidic damp clay soils, does not tolerate excessive watering, it cannot be planted close to representatives of related crops.
In the middle lane, this variety is grown by seedlings, planting is carried out in May, for which peat cups are used. After planting in the ground, the shoots of each plant should be protected from frost, wind and heavy rain using small barriers.
It is considered the most delicious of large-fruited pumpkins, it has a record amount of sugar, and its pulp contains more carotene than carrots - for this reason, Zorka is often used in baby and medical food.
The fruits of the pumpkin variety Zorka have a rounded shape, the skin is thin, dark green, sometimes with a gray bloom, smooth, with yellow longitudinal stripes, the segmentation is poorly expressed. Zorka's weight can be 7 kg. The pulp is juicy, bright orange in color, firm, sweet, it is an ideal filling for pies and is suitable for canning.
This pumpkin belongs to the medium early, the period from germination to harvest is 110 days. The vegetable prefers sandy and loamy soils, loves warm, moderately moist, sunny areas. Sowing pumpkin Zorka should not be earlier than the end of May, when the soil warms up to 12 ° C. Growing by seedlings is also possible.
After the crop has been harvested, timely storage must be ensured.
The advantages of the pumpkin variety include a stable, fairly high yield. Sowing with seeds is carried out in May-June, seedlings can be grown from mid-April, after 20 days they are transplanted into the ground. The distance between the plants is 70 cm, the depth of the holes is 6 cm.
Description of the pumpkin variety Sweet Pie is as follows:
- pumpkin fruits reach a weight of 2-3 kg, have a rounded, slightly flattened shape with well-defined segmentation;
- the skin is smooth, bright orange;
- the pulp is juicy, crispy, sweet.
There are at least a dozen large-fruited varieties. When choosing them, one should take into account the peculiarities of the region and the possibilities for caring for the plant, and then the beautiful pumpkin will certainly please with a bountiful harvest.