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Many garden owners are engaged in the cultivation of sweet and juicy berries. Breeding novelties always attract the attention of gardeners. The cultivation of Portola strawberries in Russia has recently started. The variety is only undergoing approbation in different farms of the country. It is important to know the features of plant care, the advantages and disadvantages of the crop in order to get a good harvest.
Description and characteristics of the Portola variety
Portola is the result of the efforts of American breeders. The new strawberry variety was developed in the state of California. The remontant culture is distinguished by long fruiting periods. The first berries are harvested in early summer, the main harvest is in the fall. The ovary forms on the bushes every month and a half.
The average weight of ripe strawberries reaches 30, and sometimes 40 grams. The shape of the fruit is conical, the color is deep red. The taste is dominated by sour notes. The first berries are larger, and as the season ends, Portola gets smaller.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
Gardeners harvest from one bush from 330 grams to 1 kilogram of the crop. The result depends on the care. The variety requires constant attention and effort on the part of gardeners.
The main advantages and disadvantages of strawberries
Dense berry structure, no crunch when eating
Low temperature resistance
Fruit ripening for a long time
Can be grown in a variety of conditions, including greenhouses
High rates of transportability
Preservation of presentation for a long time
Requires frequent fertilization
The need for preventive measures to protect against pests
Deterioration of taste characteristics with prolonged heat
Poor mustache rooting
Berries spoil on contact with the ground, mulching is required
Portola is a rather capricious plant that requires constant care.
The subtleties of growing a plant
For cultivation, a neutral or slightly acidic soil is suitable. If the land on the site does not meet the requirements, other soil is imported or the mixture is prepared on their own.
A place for planting strawberries is prepared in advance:
- Dig up the site and remove debris, weeds and remnants of the root system of grass and other vegetation.
- Organic fertilizers and ash are added to the soil. For 1 square meter of land, 5 kilograms of top dressing is enough.
- 30 days before the placement of the seedlings, the soil is enriched with "Kaliyphos" or preparations of a similar effect.
Bushes are planted in autumn or spring.
For placement of seedlings, they adhere to a certain order. 40 centimeters are left between the bushes, and up to 80 centimeters between the rows. Portola's strawberry loves space. The plant is planted only in cloudy weather. Shoots are placed in a previously watered ground. The roots are carefully spread inside the hole. The soil is pressed a little to prevent voids from forming. The surface of the bed is covered with a protective layer of sawdust.
Flowers that appear before the end of the season are cut off. This has a positive effect on the future harvest.
Crop care rules
Agronomists advise to strictly follow the rules for caring for the plant. If the recommendations are ignored, the fruits grow small, and the sugar content of the berries also decreases.
Watering and fertilizing
Portola strawberries do not tolerate drought and abundance of water equally well. In summer, the soil is moistened every 3 days, in rainy weather they take breaks. The best option is to install a drip irrigation system.
- In early spring and late May, the culture is maintained with ammonium nitrate.
- During the period of fruit ovary, potash fertilizers are applied.
- Before wintering, they switch to complex preparations.
Useful for Portola strawberries and wood ash, which are added to the soil at the stage of planting seedlings.
Loosening, weeding and whisker removal
The loosening procedure is usually carried out the day after irrigation of the soil. They act carefully, trying not to hurt the root system. Weeds are removed along the way. The beds must always be clean. To protect the berries from decay, the surface of the earth is covered with mulch. Agrofibre protects the soil from drying out and the appearance of unwanted shoots. The mustache of the Portola strawberry appears in small numbers. It is better to remove the shoots so that the shoots do not waste energy on the additional development of new outlets.
The variety does not require special preparation for the cold weather. In the south, Portola is not even sheltered for the winter. In regions with severe winters and infrequent snowfalls, the bushes are insulated with straw or spruce branches.
How to deal with diseases and pests?
To prevent the incidence of diseases of the culture, a set of preventive measures must be taken:
- Nonwovens are used as mulch. Polyethylene causes root rot.
- After planting, the bushes are treated with Bordeaux mixture.
- Before flowering, strawberries are sprayed with a solution of iodine of low concentration. Add 10 drops of the drug to a bucket of water.
- Do not thicken the planting to ensure ventilation of the beds.
Plants with a strong odor are used as folk methods of pest control. Marigolds are placed around the beds, and garlic is placed between the bushes.
The most promising agronomists consider the reproduction of Portola strawberries with the help of antennae. For these purposes, the strongest bushes are outlined during the period of fruit ripening. For the next season, they make sure that a lot of ovary does not form on the shoots.
In order for the shoots to take root, small plastic cups with a nutrient substrate are substituted under the sockets. In August, the seedlings are moved to another location in the garden or greenhouse. Such seedlings quickly adapt to new conditions.
Collection and storage
The transportation of the berries is well tolerated. The dense pulp of the fruit does not lose its taste and juiciness for several days in a cool and dark place. The optimal storage temperature is 0-3 ° C.
Strawberries Portola, subject to all care recommendations, will delight you with a good harvest. Failure to comply with the rules of cultivation, irregular irrigation and weeds in the beds will lead to crushing of the fruit and a decrease in sugar content.