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Varieties of feed dispensers for cattle and the rules for their use on farms

Varieties of feed dispensers for cattle and the rules for their use on farms


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The modern cattle farm feed dispenser is a functional technique that reduces labor costs and saves feed for livestock. The equipment is aimed at the correct and even distribution of mixtures in accordance with zootechnical norms and requirements. The unit crushes, mixes feed. There is stationary and mobile equipment.

Purpose and principle of operation of the mechanism

The dispenser is intended not only for distributing food for livestock, but also for receiving, delivering, mixing ingredients in a given ratio. They are effective for dry, juicy as well as liquid feed.

The technical device distributes the feed mixture in a metered manner across the feeders, moving along the rows and unloading on both sides. A number of requirements are put forward for automated feed dispensers:

  • preservation of feed in a pure form;
  • strict dose accounting;
  • feeding at a certain time;
  • exact proportions and homogeneity after mixing;
  • safety for livestock and employees.

The feed is loaded in bales into the hopper of the mobile distributor, where the process of crushing and mixing takes place A similar mechanism is necessary for a large farm. For small farms, stationary devices are used, for larger ones, mobile ones.

The principle of operation and maintenance of equipment is not difficult. Feed is loaded into a special container, in strict accordance with the norm. This is possible with dispensers. Then the resulting mixture goes to the conveyor or directly to the feeders. The conveyor is looped, so the dispensing is over as soon as the first scraper picks up the mixture and rotates in a circle. The drive then shuts off automatically.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

As a mobile mechanism, if we talk about mobile distributors, they use small trucks or low-power tractors.

Advantages and disadvantages of using

The main advantages of mechanical distributors are that with their help the farmer controls the consumption of feed. Such a mechanism allows you to increase the income of the enterprise, while reducing maintenance costs. Other advantages of the mechanism are as follows:

  • control of the temperature regime of the supplied feed and mixtures;
  • transportation of feed mixtures and loading into feeders;
  • grinding, homogeneous mixing and other types of feed preparation before serving;
  • self-loading with a mobile bucket;
  • electronic weighing, accurate dosing of the supplied food.

Thus, automatic feed dispensers significantly reduce the cost of the resulting product and facilitate working conditions.

There are no flaws in the units, but individual models may not meet the farmer's expectations as each has different specifications and capabilities. Before choosing a mechanism, you should familiarize yourself with the types and classification of equipment.

Feeder classification

Mobile dispenser at work

Today, manufacturers of agricultural machinery are ready to offer a wide selection of various units. They differ in carrying capacity, methods of movement and distribution.

By way of movement

Feeders are divided into two groups: mobile and stationary. The mobile unit is a self-propelled machine with an electric drive. She moves independently around the farm and delivers feed to each feeder.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

Most often they are used for dry feed, but some models can cope with liquid mixtures. Mobile units are especially convenient for large complexes.

Stationary types of feeders are installed in the room where animals are kept. They are arranged in the form of feeders with a conveyor. The automatic line mixes, grinds the feed and then dispenses it from the hopper.

Stationary devices are divided into the following types:

  • scraper - equipped with a chain-scraper mechanism;
  • tape - move using a roller tape;
  • platform - feed is supplied by a conveyor;
  • cable-washer - feed mixtures are delivered to the feeders with a cable with washers fixed on it.

Stationary mechanisms are used in any type of premises where it is difficult to apply other equipment due to narrow aisles.

By distribution type

The equipment is distinguished by the type of mixture supply. Some models dispense feed from one side of the stalls, a number of mechanisms can dispense food from both sides of the feeders (single or double-sided dispenser).

By carrying capacity

The lifting capacity determines how much mass the dispenser can lift and deliver. This classification is especially indicative for mobile mechanisms. It depends on the axles of the tractor, as well as on the carrying capacity of the chassis of the vehicles where the feed dispenser is located.

Average lifting capacity: from 1.1 to 3 tons - for single-axis mechanisms, from 3.5 to 4 tons - for vehicles with a pair of axles. You need to choose a device based on the needs of the livestock complex.

The best feed wagons for cattle farms

Drawing of mobile equipment KTU-10

When choosing, it is recommended to pay attention to the following technical characteristics and parameters of mechanisms:

  • bunker capacity - it will show how much feed the distributor is able to distribute during one loading;
  • the most important characteristic is dimensions, if you do not take it into account, then it will be difficult for mobile devices to enter some premises;
  • magnetic catcher, which allows to exclude the ingress of metal parts into food;
  • self-loading and electronic weighing system;
  • augers affecting mixing, grinding and feeding performance.

Before buying, you should carefully check the technical condition of the unit.

Stationary

Stationary model

The most popular models include:

  1. KRS-15. This model is a horizontal open type conveyor distributor. It belongs to the scraper type. The conveyor is equipped with two distribution channels and runs along the bottom of the feeders. The start-up of the device begins with the operation of the electric motor. First, the feed is fed behind the fence, then it is distributed with scrapers. The drive is disconnected spontaneously when the scraper goes through a full revolution.
  2. TVK-80B. The technique is ideal for dry and solid forage. It is based on a tape mechanism that resembles a closed ring. It is driven by a motor. From the hopper, the feed mixtures are fed into the feeders in equal shares, then the mechanism is turned off.
  3. RK-50. The mechanism is equipped with a conveyor belt, which is located above the feeder. The model has two options - for a livestock complex for 100 and 200 individuals. The basis of the feeder is a control unit, an inclined and transverse conveyor, as well as a pair of distributors. The length of the feeding facility is about 75 m, with a capacity of 3-30 tons per hour.

Comparative table of stationary models

When choosing a stationary model, it is important to take into account the productivity, the number of heads, the length of the feeding area.

Model

Number of heads

Feeding area length

Performance

Engine power

Weight

KRS-15

180

40 m

15 t / h

5.5kw

1540 kg

TVK-80B

65

74 m

38 t / h

5.5kw

3300 kg

RK-50

up to 200

75 m

3-30

9.7 kW

5400 kg

Mobile

Delivery of mixtures with a mobile unit

Among mobile units, the most interesting and functional are the following:

  1. KTU-10. The model of the feed dispenser deserves attention, but it should be noted right away that it cannot work in narrow rooms due to the small area of ​​rotation of the equipment. The unit can be driven on a tractor trailer. It is equipped with several beaters, unloading and cross conveyor. The speed of feeding food into the feeders directly depends on the speed of the machine.
  2. ISRK-12. The feeder is designed for large farms and has a wide range of functions. Loading can be done in rolls without having to sort out the feed in advance. Special additives are poured into a separate window. When the machine is running, the feed is chopped up, as well as thoroughly mixed. The model is equipped with a two-stage gearbox with 4 auger rotation speeds and a remote control panel from the machine cab. An additional function is an electronic weighing system for ingredients and a memory for dozens of recipes from different components.
  3. RMM-5.0. This model is considered small because it is convenient to use in narrow spaces. The feeder is adapted to work with different modifications of the Belarus tractor and other equipment. Refers to multifunctional single-axis models.

The machines can be used even more efficiently, as manufacturers are more responsive to customers and can tailor models to specific conditions on the farm.

Model

Hopper volume

Feed rate

Performance

Power

engine

Weight

KTU-10

10 m3

3-25 kg / m

50 t / h

7,5

2200 kg

ISRK-12

12 m3

15-150 kg / m

7.8 t / h

5,3

4500 kg

RMM-5.0

5 m3

1-16 kg / m

3-38 t / h

6

1370 kg

Mobile Feeder Comparison Chart

Automatic feed dispensers with mixers are very popular among farmers, which quickly deliver feed mixtures to animal feeders, having previously prepared them. For these purposes, feed mixers, which are offered to farmers by the Intermix company, are well suited. The equipment is capable of working with all types of feed for cows - grass and silage, grain crops, root crops and granulated feeds of different fractions.

The models are diverse, have different modifications, and, accordingly, the characteristics:

Terms of use

Before starting work, the technician must be checked for malfunctions, breakdowns, and you should also make sure that the grounding and protective fences are reliable.

Before loading feed, check the machine at idle speed.

Further maintenance should include periodic lubrication, checking the condition of mechanisms and assemblies. Regardless of the dispenser model, it is important for cattle farms to regularly clean out feed residues and dirt.


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