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The Kuban breed of geese is very popular with farmers. These birds are distinguished by undemanding conditions of keeping and high productivity parameters. For bird breeding to be successful, it is important to feed them correctly and follow some recommendations. Compliance with the rules of hygiene and the prevention of pathologies are of no small importance.
History of the breed
The Kuban Agricultural Institute was engaged in the selection of this breed of geese. Scientists have set themselves the task of developing a new breed with high egg production parameters. At first, Chinese and Gorky individuals were used as the basis for the Kuban geese. Wild bird genes were also used in the population. This influenced the color of the birds. In appearance, the geese resembled wild birds, but had a calm disposition.
However, the breeding work was not completed on this. Scientists decided to breed more beautiful birds with a domesticated appearance. For this, they crossed the Gorky breed with the endemic and Vishtines. The result is beautiful white birds.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
Currently, the Kuban geese are gray or white. However, gray birds with high egg production parameters are more popular. They are grown in Moldova, Krasnodar Territory, the Volga region, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan.
Description and characteristics of gray Kuban geese
A distinctive feature of these geese is the location of the chest. She is slightly upbeat. When viewed from the side, the body is shaped like a rook. Birds are characterized by a long and curved neck. They also have a large head with a bump on their forehead. The legs are medium in size and the paws are dark in color. Gray-brown feathers are characteristic of the Kuban geese. There is a dark brown stripe on the head and neck of the birds.
Birds tend to lead a gregarious lifestyle. In this case, there should be 2 males for 10 females. In this case, it will be possible to get good offspring. Moreover, the geese will be sociable and friendly. Birds are distinguished by a developed incubation instinct - they raise up to 90% of chicks from laid eggs.
The main characteristic of birds is high egg productivity. At the same time, farmers appreciate the birds for their delicious meat. Kuban geese belong to a medium-heavy breed. They are fast developing. At 2 months, the birds weigh 3 kilograms, and in six months their weight is 5-6 kilograms.
Birds begin to rush at 8-9 months. At the same time, geese bring 100 large eggs per year. They are distinguished by a light milky color and are covered with a thick shell. The productivity parameters are decreasing every year. Therefore, farmers usually do not keep geese for more than 4 years.
Main pros and cons
This breed is considered unpretentious. It is perfectly adapted to Russian conditions.
good frost resistance;
undemanding to the composition of the feed;
excellent hatchability parameters for goslings;
excellent preservation of young birds;
At the same time, the disadvantages of the Kuban geese are considered very conditional. The main one is considered to be a relatively small body weight.
Maintenance and care
To achieve high performance parameters of birds, it is important to provide them with proper care.
Poultry house and walk
In the warm season, the birds are free-range all day. At the same time, for an overnight stay, they are recommended to build a corral, covering it with a net. It is recommended to protect birds from precipitation with roofing material. Birds are not afraid of the night temperature drop.
In order for birds to develop normally, they need a reservoir and free range. Some farmers create an artificial puddle for the birds. When organizing space for walking geese, the following features should be considered:
- goslings 1-2 months old need 1 square meter of free space;
- birds aged 3-5 months need to allocate 5 meters of area;
- geese over six months need up to 15 meters of a plot with fresh herbs.
When creating a winter house, it is important to consider certain rules. It is important that it is warm and free of cracks. In this case, the availability of high-quality ventilation is of great importance. It is recommended to calculate the area of the premises taking into account the number of birds. 1 goose requires 1 square meter of space.
Dry and clean bedding is also important. It is made from sand, straw, sawdust, shavings. There should be no dampness or drafts in the room.
A properly formulated diet has a beneficial effect on the health and longevity of birds. Geese should not be deprived of vitamins and minerals. Their deficiency will negatively affect the quality of meat and eggs. It is recommended to give adult birds grains, vegetables, silage, compound feed. In summer, birds need a lot of greenery. They need at least 2 kilograms of feed per day.
A distinctive feature of birds is that they are quite picky. Geese of this breed will not eat poor quality feed. To make it easier for birds to digest food, it is recommended to add coarse sand or fine shell rock to the food.
It should be borne in mind that geese require 24/7 access to food. They also eat food at night. Goslings need special nutrition. It is recommended to give boiled yolks to newborn chicks. They are easy to digest and help chicks adapt to solid foods.
On the 5th day of life, it is permissible to introduce greens into the diet. After 7-10 days, it is recommended to increase the volume of the herb, since it contains many vitamins. On the 15th day, boiled vegetables should be introduced into the diet. Moreover, their volume should not exceed 15% of the daily amount of food.
In order for the birds to grow and develop normally, it is important to systematically clean the house. In this case, it is recommended to treat the room with disinfectants. There should be litter on the floor of the house. It is important that it is dry and clean. Partially it should be cleaned every 2 days. It is recommended to completely change the litter once a week.
Breeding the breed
The period of puberty in Kuban geese begins at 240-300 days of life. Geese part with eggs easily. Therefore, incubators are usually used to breed chicks. Determining the sex of one-day-old birds can be difficult. This can usually be done by size. Drakes are slightly larger than geese. The goslings need shelter for 2 weeks. After that, they are released into free range. At this time, it is not necessary to put containers with water for the chicks, since they can drown.
Diseases of birds
Pathologies in geese usually develop if the rules for caring for them are not followed. The main factors include the following:
- non-observance of hygiene rules;
- dampness and drafts in the poultry house;
- stale water.
If the conditions of detention are violated, there is a risk of developing aspergillosis, colibacillosis, pasteurellosis, salmonellosis. Also, birds may encounter helminthic infestation or vitamin deficiency. Kuban geese are distinguished by high egg productivity and tasty meat. To succeed in raising birds, it is important to provide them with full and high-quality care.