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For several millennia, mankind has not imagined a single day of life without products made on the basis of grain crops, sugar beet. But environmental changes, to which microorganisms adapt dozens of times faster than plants, the more cultured, makes farming more and more risky. Fungicides, bacterial plant protection products, such as the drug "Comfort", come to the rescue.
Composition and form of release of the systemic fungicide "Comfort"
The drug is offered to the consumer in the form of a concentrated suspension. Active ingredient carbendazim bxAudited in its composition in the amount of 500 g / l. The liquid is packed in 5 liter canisters.
Mechanism of action and period of protective action
The systemic fungicide "Comfort" is introduced into the tissues of the culture under control during the day without harming it. There it spreads throughout the plant, having a detrimental effect on microorganisms that have already taken root or are just trying to develop harmful activity.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
"Comfort" suppresses and modifies the multiplication of pathological cells, preventing the formation of new intracellular membranes.
This quickly leads to the death or degeneration of pathogens. After a single treatment of crops, the protective effect of the Comfort fungicide lasts for a month.
Scope of application
The active substance carbendazim is used for the prevention and treatment of diseases of cereals and industrial crops. Fungicide "Comfort" shows excellent results in seed dressing and in the treatment of ground parts of plants.
Consumption rate of funds
The volume of the working fluid depends on the growth phase of a particular culture, the mass of its vegetative organs.
|Culture||Diseases||Symptoms||Method and time of processing||Doses of the drug (l / ha); working solution (l / ha, l / t)|
|Wheat, barley, oats||Fusarium spike||Pink-orange bloom on the scales of the spike. The grains are wrinkled, mummified, with sharp edges. The embryo is dark on the cut.||Spraying at the first sign of infection.||0,5-0,6; 300|
|Cereals||Root rot||1. White stem, empty ear, rotten root. 2. All parts of the plant grow brown at the surface of the earth. Dying off of stems, roots, empty ear, underdeveloped grain. 3. Black roots and sheaths of basal leaves. White stems. An empty ear. Plants are easily pulled out, die off. 4. Light eyes with a dark border on visible parts of the culture. The stems break, lie down. The ear is empty.||Grain pickling.||1-1,5; 10|
|Wheat, barley||Dusty smut||Instead of a spike, black dusty spores of the fungus.|
|Winter rye, wheat, perennial grasses||Snow mold||White or pink bloom in the form of a cobweb on rotten leaves, tillering node, rot destroys overwintered parts of the plant.|
|Barley, wheat, oats||Hard smut||The fungus populates at the stage of the seedling culture, manifests itself at the stage of milk ripeness. The ears are dark green, reduced in size. Then they acquire a straw color, but the scales of the spike are spread apart, completely filled with spores, from which a grayish liquid is squeezed out.|
|Cereals||Powdery mildew||Decrease in leaf, decrease in bushiness, retardation of heading. White bloom on all terrestrial parts of the plant, which then turns brown.||Spraying at the first sign of illness.||0,5-0,6; 300|
|Sugar beet||Cercosporosis||On the leaves there are light brown spots with a red-brown border. Older leaves are constantly drying out, the tops fall on the ground. Freshly grown leaves look healthy.||Spraying during the growing season.||0,6-0,8; 200-400|
|Powdery mildew||Mealy bloom on the lower and middle leaves on both sides. Then brown, blackening dots appear on the plaque. The leaves do not function for long, darken, dry out. Evaporation from the surface of the leaves increases, which is why they quickly take on a sluggish appearance every morning.||Spraying at the first sign of infection.|
How to use this drug correctly
Spraying with Comfort fungicide, KS is not difficult. Its spraying is also permitted with the help of aviation. The peculiarity consists in the preparation of a working fluid from a substance practically insoluble in water. This is done in this way:
- Half the amount of water is poured into the tank.
- A dose of the "Comfort" fungicide is measured and, with the mixer turned on, is introduced into the first container.
- Everything is kneaded for 7-10 minutes.
- Water is added to the final volume of the working solution.
- Stirring takes 5 minutes.
- Spray immediately, without stopping to stir the contents of the tank.
Seed dressing with "Comfort" is a more complicated process. The best option is moisturizing treatment. Instructions for using the fungicide "Comfort" for etching:
- The grain must be cleaned, calibrated, checked for germination energy.
- Awns are removed from barley.
- Grains with a moisture content of more than 15% are pickled 2-3 days before sowing. They especially need fungicide treatment, since an increase in the temperature of the seed at high humidity creates an environment conducive to the activation of fungi.
- Dry grain can be pickled 3-6 months before use.
- Working liquid with "Comfort" moisten the surface of the prepared grain.
Safety precautions during application
It is preferable to spray the fungicide "Comfort" in calm weather or to enter (drive in) from the leeward side. Personal protective equipment should consist of:
- overalls and footwear;
- gloves resistant to chemicals;
- protective glasses;
The duration of continuous work with the Comfort fungicide should not exceed 4 hours. At the first signs of deterioration of health, it is necessary to move away from the area of action of the drug. If the condition does not improve, consult a doctor.
If "Comfort" gets on the mucous membranes, the skin is washed with soap and water.
The dishes and the area where the solution was prepared, after spraying the crops or processing the grain, are treated with water and soda ash. Overalls are kept in a designated place.
Pathogenic microorganisms develop immunity against the action of carbendazole. In order to prevent the mutation of the adaptive functions of the fungus in favor of its survival under the conditions of drug use in the treated area, this active substance must be used no more than 2 times in a row.
Fungicide compatibility "Comfort"
The drug should not be mixed with alkalis, as it reacts with them. It is possible to combine it in working solutions with many liquid dressings, growth activators, and other stimulating agents.
Terms and conditions of storage
The fungicide is valid for three years from the date of release. It is stored in a specialized room under lock and key at temperatures from -4 ° C to +2 5 ° C. A ventilation system must be arranged, the fire safety of the facility must be ensured.
The functions of the fungicide "Comfort" can be performed almost completely or in certain areas by other agricultural protection preparations.
|Remedy||Disease||Mode of application|
|"Maxim 025"||Snow mold, root rot, hard smut, mold on the seeds.||Presowing processing of grains.|
|"Dividend Supreme"||Root rot.||Grain pickling.|
|"Zim 500"||Cercosporosis and beet powdery mildew, root rot, dusty and hard smut, cereal powdery mildew.||Spraying vegetative organs.|
|"Credo"||Snow mold, cereal root rot, cercosporosis, sugar beet powdery mildew.||Pickling, spraying.|