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Among the large number of varieties of varieties and hybrids of tomatoes, some species have been known to farmers for more than a dozen years. One of these varieties, allowed for cultivation in the Ural and Siberian climates, the Iskorka tomato, was bred back in 1985. The article contains a detailed description of the plant, its advantages and disadvantages, as well as the basic rules for caring for a tomato.
The main characteristics of the vegetable crop
The tomato is characterized by high yield, excellent transportability and keeping quality. The variety is intended for outdoor cultivation. Bushes of a common type, determinate, small, no more than 55 cm in height. Branching and deciduous cover are moderate, the bush must be pinned and tied up.
The leaves of the plant are medium in size, green in color, have a dissected and slightly corrugated shape. Inflorescences begin to form above 5 or 6 leaves, and then through the leaf. The inflorescence of the intermediate type is formed by flowers in the amount of 8-10 pieces.
Fruits of the Iskorka variety with a smooth surface have an elongated-oval shape and a good pulp density with correctly located nests (3-4 per fruit). An unripe tomato has a light green color; when ripe, the color of the fruit turns red without a spot near the stalk. The weight of a tomato varies from 80 to 110 g. The positive characteristic of tomato fruits is that they do not crack, this ensures their good transportability.
The variety belongs to medium early, its growing season is up to 110 days. Harvesting is in July-August. From 1 sq. m. on average, 4 to 7 kg of fresh tomatoes are harvested, which ripen together in summer. Reviews of vegetable culture lovers about its taste are always the most positive. The fruits are suitable for sale, fresh consumption and conservation.
Advantages and disadvantages of the Iskorka variety
The benefits of tomato include the following characteristics:
- tomatoes are well adapted to a rare harvest;
- Sparkle is loved for its excellent taste and preservation;
- high yield allows growing vegetables both in summer cottages for personal needs and on large farms for sale and processing.
The main disadvantage of the Sparkle tomato is its susceptibility to pathogens of macrosporiosis and late blight. Taking this into account, plant care must necessarily include regular seed dressing, culling of diseased seedlings and treating the bushes with fungicidal agents.
Features of growing tomatoes Sparkle
Before sowing, the seeds must be prepared as follows:
- select the largest and fullest seeds manually or using a sieve;
- warm up for at least 48 hours at a temperature of 30 ° C;
- then warm up for about 72 hours at a temperature of 50 ° C;
- if desired, the seeds are soaked in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate for 30 minutes.
A universal soil is suitable for growing seedlings; it must be thoroughly moistened before sowing seeds. Do not plant seeds too thickly, otherwise the plants will be weak. If the seedlings are grown in containers, they are covered with foil.
As soon as the first shoots appear, the containers are placed in a lighted and cool place before landing in the ground. In late March and early April, strong young plants are planted in prepared beds to a depth of 1.5 cm. Soil temperature is a very important condition for the growth of vegetables. It should be at least 20 ° C.
Variety Iskorka prefers light soil with a slightly acidic reaction. The sprouts are planted according to the scheme 60 × 30 cm, while adding about 10 g of superphosphate to the well. Water the plants abundantly after sunset using warm water.
When healthy bushes begin to form, they should be tied to the stakes. At the same time, the pinching procedure begins, which will speed up the harvest.