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Description of the Babushkino apple variety, characteristics of fruits and resistance to diseases

Description of the Babushkino apple variety, characteristics of fruits and resistance to diseases


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Apple trees are considered almost the most common fruit trees among summer residents. The variety of varieties and universal use in culinary, as well as the high nutrient content of apples - all this contributes to the fact that more and more gardeners prefer to grow these trees on their site. The Babushkino apple tree is considered one of the oldest varieties of fruit trees, which were still grown by our grandmothers.

History of creation

The variety was bred in the 19th century on the territory of Russia. It is difficult to say exactly when the variety was bred. Information about the selection of the apple tree has not been preserved. In the 20th century, the Babushkino apple tree was most often used for planting by industrial enterprises.

In modern times, the apple tree has been excluded from the state register of agricultural crops. But you can still find it on the household plots of Russia.

Description and features

You need to start by describing the fruiting of the tree. The Babushkino apple tree is characterized by late fruiting compared to younger varieties. After planting, the tree bears fruit in the 8-10th year. It can bear fruit up to 50 years. Belongs to late winter crops with a dessert taste of apples.

Trunks are of medium height, seedlings grow slowly. The crown is spreading, spherical. If the trees are not cut, then they reach a height of 5 m. Shoots are light brown.

Characteristics

The Babushkino apple tree has many advantages. Having studied the characteristics, you can compare with younger hybrids and choose the most optimal option.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Among the advantages of Babushkino, the following are distinguished:

  • Trees endure freezing winters.
  • After harvesting, the fruits are stored for a long time in a cool room.
  • They are immune to scab and various types of rot.
  • Taste qualities of apples.

The disadvantages of the variety include:

  • The tree begins to bear fruit in the 8th year after planting a seedling.
  • The apple tree does not yield a good harvest every year.
  • At the end of summer, the foliage falls off.

The disadvantage of the Babushkino apple tree is late fruiting. The rest is no worse than other hybrids.

Yield

The maximum yield that is obtained from an adult apple tree is 160 kg. But this is extremely rare. On average, up to 75 kg of apples are harvested from one tree.

Apples reach consumer maturity a few weeks after harvest. Then the fruits fully reveal their full taste and aroma. In addition, the fruits have a high tasting score, and it is 4.6 points.

Ripe fruits of medium size, weight on average reaches 150 g. The shape is rounded, the skin is slightly ribbed. The peel is dense, yellow-red in color. The pulp is grainy and juicy.

The frequency of fruiting

One of the significant disadvantages of the Babushkino apple tree is a long period of growth and fruiting. Most varieties give a harvest 3-4 years after planting a seedling. But Babushkino bears fruit at least 8 years after planting the seedling in the soil.

Frost resistance

The tree is winter-hardy. Therefore, it is possible to grow seedlings in the northern regions. Young seedlings are mulched before the onset of winter so that the fragile roots do not freeze. Adult plants do not need mulching.

Disease resistance

Among the diseases to which the tree has the greatest immune resistance, scab and various types of rot are distinguished. In general, the variety is highly immune to most crop diseases.

For prophylaxis, trees are cut in spring, dry and weak branches are removed. In addition, apple trees are regularly inspected throughout the season.

The timing of flowering and ripening of fruits

The trees begin to bloom in mid-May - early June. Babushkino's apples are self-fertile. Therefore, pollinating varieties are planted next to the plant. Borovik, Papirovka, Antonovka are used as pollinating trees.

You can pick ripe apples in the last days of September. At this time, the fruits reach full maturity.

Favorable growing regions

Thanks to its versatility, the Babushkino apple variety can be grown in any region. Even in northern latitudes, the plants grow well and give a stable harvest.

Favorable regions for growing, as for most apple hybrids, are the central and southern regions. Winters in such latitudes are not frosty, unlike in the north, so the risk of plant death from frost is much lower.

Trees grow best on black soil. Depending on the region of cultivation, the yield will also vary. In the southern and central latitudes, it will be higher than in the northern ones, due to the favorable climatic conditions. When planting this particular variety in the north, the fact is taken into account.


Watch the video: Dave Wilson Nursery- The Life of An Orchard (July 2022).


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