The history of the emergence of fighting pigeons, descriptions of the top 6 breeds and content

The history of the emergence of fighting pigeons, descriptions of the top 6 breeds and content

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Fighting pigeons are bird breeds that are distinguished by their decorative appearance, characteristic sounds during flight. Turkey is considered the homeland. Centers for breeding these breeds have been established in the CIS countries, the Caucasus and Central Asia. In addition to the original appearance and noise during the flapping of the wings, the birds are distinguished by the peculiarity of the flight technique and ease of maintenance. A large group of breeds belongs to slaughter pigeons, consider the most common of them.

Historical data

It is confirmed that fighting birds have been cultivated for at least 3 hundred years in the territory of the North Caucasus. This region with various natural and climatic conditions has attracted different peoples for a long time. Military campaigns here were organized by Persians, Sarmatians, Huns, Arabs. It is assumed that the first fighting pigeons appeared as a result of military campaigns.

In the Caucasus, the local people call the fighting pigeons "Tashkent" or "Persians". Owing to the military-political and trade relations between Turkey, Iran, Russia and the East, opportunities are open for breeding predatory birds, which are the result of international breeding work in the Caucasian territory and beyond.

General characteristics and description

The decorative subspecies of birds has a distinctive feature in comparison with other breeds - flight technique. When taking off, individuals emit sounds like clicks with their wings. The older the pigeon gets, the more clearly the sound made in flight is heard. In chicks, this feature is absent, it appears only closer to 6 months. The birds reach the maximum level of fighting by 2 years of age.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

Slaughter breeds live, on average, 15 years, provided they are properly cared for and fed. The pigeon breeders pay great attention to training. The first trainings are carried out with chicks from 2 months of age. Battle breeds differ in external parameters, color.

But they have common features:

  • perform complex tricks and pirouettes;
  • make sounds with their wings during flight;
  • they are perfectly oriented in the area, they easily find their way home;
  • rise to great heights;
  • hardy, spend several hours in the air;
  • hang in the air.

Thanks to these features, fighting breeds are valued among pigeon breeders. Hardy birds are not demanding in care and nutrition.

Origin story

Slaughter pigeons are bred by selection. The first domesticated birds appeared in the North Caucasian region. Later they were brought to the USA and European countries. The main breeding centers are located in: Turkey, the North Caucasus, Asia, Azerbaijan and Europe.

Flight features

Each breed has its own flying style. Pigeons fly up, making noise, gaining altitude and making circles. Birds fly at high altitudes.

Among breeders, the ability of individuals to perform an exit into a pole is especially appreciated, when the bird makes a series of turns over its back, taking off vertically upwards.

Fighting pigeons perform many tricks:

  • raising into a pole;
  • screw;
  • freezing;
  • paired;
  • tape.

Popular breeds

Each species has distinctive features: color, size, beak shape, body structure and other factors.

Persian (Iranian)

The ancient breed looks like hawks. Large individuals with a wingspan of up to 70 centimeters. They are characterized by flight durations of 11-12 hours.


decorative look;

the ability to hang in one place in the air.

low exit to the post;

irregular clicks;

irregular clicks;

Southern pigeons

Caucasians are distinguished by a variety of colors, they can have different lengths of the forelock and beak. The degree of feathering of the legs also differs. The southern breeds include: Krasnodar, Armavir, Baku and other subspecies.

decorative qualities;

high flying ability;

unpretentious content;

high popularity in the South of Russia;

beautiful plumage.

the likelihood of genetic defects;

long training is required;

young animals do not always return home during the first training sessions.

Leninakan pigeons

Cheerful birds that love freedom. They are part of the group of Caucasian fighting birds. Perform complex tricks easily. The flight duration can be up to 8 hours. They are characterized by medium size, strong build.

undemanding care;

create couples for life;

easy to train;

well oriented in space.

poorly accustomed to cells;

it is impossible to release a married couple into the air at the same time.

Turkish pigeons

The most popular is the Takla breed, from which most species of birds originated. They are medium in size with a typical body structure. Different colors may be present in the color.

endurance even in harsh climatic conditions;

flight duration reaches up to 10 hours;

prized for playing wings in the air.

requires increased attention to training;

the peculiarity of the helical flight is associated with the color of the bird, the brighter the plumage, the worse it performs the trick.

Asiatic pigeons

The Central Asian type has a shortened beak and shiny plumage. They laid the foundation for many breeds of pigeon families. Especially appreciated among pigeon breeders.

reproduce well;

have a good memory;

good play with wings;

have high immunity;

flight duration, which is up to 9 hours.

possible genetic defects;

daily training is required.

Leushkovskie fighting pigeons

They are a variety of Maykop pigeons. They have unusual plumage on their legs, wide wings. Individuals are small in size with a single or multi-colored color.

fly fast and rhythmically;

sharply go into the post;

decorative look;

loud fight during takeoff.

small head;

bulging eyes.

Content specifics

Slaughter poultry require regular care and adequate nutrition. Pigeons are kept in spacious open-air cages or dovecotes. Inside the poultry house, they lay high-quality bedding, equip the correct perch. If the conditions are not met, pole fighting birds get a curvature of the spine, which negatively affects the quality of flights.

Feeding for birds is selected depending on the length of the beak, so that it is convenient for the birds to take food. Pets eat twice a day, in the morning and in the evening. Slaughter pigeons are given daily training. Pigeon growing is a profitable business. Subject to the conditions of keeping and the diet, a healthy tribe grows up, which later participates in competitions and occupies a leading position.

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