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Red currant Nenaglyadnaya is a modern high-yielding variety that is resistant to diseases and pests, therefore it is very popular among gardeners. Thanks to the abundance of vitamins and microelements necessary for humans, which are contained in large quantities in this berry, it has gained its admirers in many regions of Russia and Belarus.
History of selection of culture and region of growth
The Nenaglyadnaya variety was bred at the end of the 80s of the last century at the Belarusian Research Institute of Fruit Growing. The breeder A.G. Voluznev, when crossing three varieties - Wonderful, Holland red and Cherry, managed to get an excellent high-yielding novelty. The abundance of red berries on a bright green background of foliage made the currant bushes so attractive that the variety was named Nenaglyadnaya and in 1991 it was included in the Belarusian State Register of Varieties; in 2006, Beloved was allowed to grow in Russia.
Description of currant Beloved
A mid-ripening variety of red currant, it has a high yield (9-12 kilograms of berries from an adult bush), a high taste rating, it is self-fertile - it does not need cross-pollination.
Bush and root system
The Bush of Beloved is short, compact, not too sprawling, young shoots of a reddish hue, become gray as the plant grows up. The leaves are large, five-lobed, without shine, saturated green color.
The root system is more branched and powerful than that of black currant. Red currants can bear fruit in the garden for more than 20 years, the first harvest (about 3 kilograms per bush) Beloved gives 3 years after planting.
All about flowering and fruiting
The currant blooms with inconspicuous, small, yellow-green flowers that resemble a bell. Flowering occurs in the first decade of May and continues until the end of the month.
The berries ripen, depending on the weather in the region, in late June and early July. The ripening is amicable, the berry is large, red, with darkish stripes. The high sugar content, aroma and juiciness provided the Beloved with a high tasting score - 4.8 out of 5 possible points.
Berries are eaten fresh, they are suitable for making jam and preserves. The juice has a pleasant taste, is used in folk medicine as a diaphoretic and to saturate a weakened body with vitamins.
Harvesting and storage
Red currants are harvested in dry cloudy weather, the fruits are removed with brushes - this is less likely to crush the berries.
Red currants are knocked down with sugar, jam is boiled, stored frozen or slightly dried in the oven at a temperature of +50 ° C, until completely dry.
Positive and negative characteristics of the variety
The Nenaglyadnaya variety has many advantages that ensured its high popularity:
- excellent yield;
- resistance to low temperatures;
- high immunity of the bushes;
- decorativeness of landings;
- resistance to fungal diseases.
There are few disadvantages of currants, and they are more than overlap with advantages:
- may suffer from recurrent frost;
- does not tolerate shadows;
- suffers from heat and drought.
The highest yields of planting berries provide 8-15 years, then the yield gradually decreases.
Frost and drought resistant
The beloved frost-resistant, it tolerates cold up to -25 ° C. Unless the winters are too harsh, no shelter is required.
Young plants do not tolerate drought well, but Beloved will withstand several days of intense heat with additional watering.
Disease and pest resistance
The beloved has a high resistance to fungal diseases, can suffer from septoria (leaf spot), goblet rust, terry (reversion). Of insects, it is dangerous: moth, glass, but the plant is resistant to kidney mites.
Planting any plants has its own characteristics that must be taken into account. Red currants should not be placed under fruit trees, they do not tolerate shade and waterlogged soil.
It is best to plant red currants in the fall, early September. Before the cold weather, the bush will have time to take root, in the spring it will be a strong seedling with strong immunity. If a seedling is purchased in spring, it already has green leaves, it can also be planted, but the plant will require a little more maintenance. You should not pick off the leaves from the seedling, only the buds are removed.
Before planting, the plant is immersed in water with the addition of Zircon or Epin. The plant will be saturated with moisture and nutrients contained in the root formation stimulator. After planting, such a weak seedling needs moisture and light shade until it gets stronger.
Seedlings bought in summer in pots are transplanted immediately, they are watered in advance and carefully removed from the container along with an earthen lump. Autumn planting is optimal for red currants, the main thing is to have time to plant a bush on time.
Important: if it is placed in open ground in October-November, the seedling will not have time to take root and get stronger, therefore it will certainly die with the onset of cold weather.
The main advantage of such a planting is that the seedlings are fresh for sale, they have not been stored for several months in incomprehensible conditions, are strong and strong.
Site selection and preparation
The beloved one needs a sunny area with good soil drainage; you can choose a hillock or a well-lit slope. The selected area is cleared of weeds and dug deeply.
Red currants should not be planted next to black ones - both will suffer from such a neighborhood. Do not place it next to other berry bushes: raspberries, cherries. The neighborhood of currants with onions and garlic will be optimal. Vegetables will provide her with additional protection against pests and diseases.
How to choose a healthy and strong seedling
It is best to purchase planting material in specialized nurseries. There you can see the documents, sellers are responsible for their products. They buy two-year and one-year seedlings, two-year-olds are stronger and more expensive.
Before buying, carefully examine the roots of the plant. They should be well developed and free from rot. Skeletal roots (there are at least 3) - elastic, moist, with traces of clay talker. The twigs are strong and resilient.
Red currants love space, when preparing pits for seedlings, the distance between them is 1.5 meters. If several rows are supposed to be planted, a 2-meter distance is provided between them.
Tip: the pits should be prepared 10-14 days before planting so that the soil has time to settle.
The finished hole should be 50 centimeters in diameter and deep. It is filled by a third with organic matter mixed with soil, compost, mullein, which is poured in a slide. A complex mineral fertilizer is added. The seedling is placed in the pit at an angle. This ensures the development of the root system and shoots. The roots are gently straightened, the pit is covered with soil and compacted. The planting needs to be watered, at the rate of 4-5 liters per bush. The soil under the bush is mulched.
Currant bush care
Red currants are unpretentious, but the plant needs minimal care and attention.
The beloved does not tolerate drought. You need to water the plant once a week, but you need to be guided by local weather conditions. Each bush needs 3-5 liters of settled, not cold water.
An adult plant is fed for the first time in early spring, before bud break, mineral fertilizer granules are simply mixed with the soil. Azofoska is a complex containing nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus required by plants.
The second time the plant is fed with mineral fertilizers after flowering. During the season, once every 14 days, the soil is additionally fertilized with organic matter, adding a little mullein or humus under the bush. After that, the soil is carefully loosened so as not to touch the currant roots, which are close to the surface.
Pruning an adult bush
Sanitary pruning is done in the spring. Remove dry, rotten, broken branches. Shaping and rejuvenating pruning can be done in either spring or fall. In warmer regions, fine autumn days are reserved for it. Remove old branches and shoots that thicken the bush. All pruning tools must be clean and disinfected to prevent plant contamination.
Garden care: loosening and mulching
Loosening saturates the soil with oxygen, so it is necessary for plants. The soil under the currant bushes is weeded, slightly loosened, carefully so as not to damage the roots, after watering it is slightly mulched to keep the soil moist and prevent waterlogging of the soil.
In order to prevent plant diseases and the reproduction of pests, the soil under the bush in the spring is cleaned of fallen leaves, the remnants of branches. To protect against pests and diseases in spring, before bud break, the bushes from the watering can are poured with boiling water. You can add a little copper sulfate or potassium permanganate to it - this way it will be possible to stop the foci of disease and pests in the soil. The water temperature should be no higher than 70 ° C.
If the plants are attacked by insects, the planting is treated with Karbofos or its analogues, in strict accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
How to propagate currants
Planting is propagated by dividing the bush, cuttings or layering.
By dividing the bush
This method is suitable if the bush needs to be moved to another place. In this case, it should be dug up and divided into several parts, leaving young shoots and healthy roots on each. The bush is divided into 2-3 parts.
From healthy, strong and adult branches, small cuttings are cut, 15-20 centimeters high, and placed at an angle in open ground. The stalk must have 4 buds. The cuttings are watered, weeded, and by autumn they get a grown plant for planting in a permanent place.
The young twig is pressed to the ground, secured with wire or staples, preventing it from straightening, and sprinkled with soil. By autumn, several independent plants with roots and shoots will develop from the buds on the branch. They are separated with a knife or a shovel and seated.
Reviews of gardeners about the variety
Olga, 43 years old:
“I have two Beloved bushes in the garden. If not for sale, then no more. The variety is fruitful and very beautiful. Red tassels shine directly in the sun. And it is stored well, I put it unwashed with cuttings in small containers, and in the freezer. In winter, both compote and fruit drinks are wonderful. "
Ivan Nikolaevich, 56 years old:
“I like red currants more than gooseberries. The whole family drinks juice if we are sick. I chose the darling because there is a lot of it, large and sweet. I heard that red currants are added to cucumbers instead of vinegar. Will it go for such a case or do you need more acidity? There is something of her pleasure, but the marinade? "