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Before planting an apple tree seedling, it takes a lot of time to choose the right variety. Each has its own positive and negative sides, it is recommended to grow them in the regions in which they are bred. It is better to take a closer look, first of all, to new varieties of fruit trees. Breeders are trying to create varieties that would have disease resistance, high harvest rates and excellent taste. The apple tree Riga Golubok has its homeland - the Baltic States. It is suitable for growing in Russia and even in the Scandinavian countries.
Description of the apple tree Riga Golubok
The variety appeared thanks to the efforts of breeders from Estonia. It is summer and is harvested before autumn. Trees grow to medium size with dense, rounded crowns with many branches. The leaf plate also corresponds to the average, the shape is elliptical or round, the color is light green.
The weight of apples rarely exceeds 110 grams. Mostly they are light yellow, without integumentary shades. But sometimes, when the fruit has been growing for a long time in the sun, small gaps of pink appear on the sides.
The pulp of the fruit is pale with a yellow color, characterized by juiciness and aroma. The taste is sweet and sour. The composition contains sugar - 12.9% and acid - 0.53%.
The yield of each apple tree reaches moderate levels. The fruits attach well to the stalks, which allows them to hang on the tree for a long time without fear of gusts of wind.
Riga Golubok is noted for its resistance to frost, as well as to infections, diseases and pests.
The history of the creation of the variety
Variety descriptions begin with apple production data. Riga Golubok turned out thanks to the well-coordinated work of professionals at the breeding station in Estonia. As a result, they have a variety that is suitable for planting on the territory of the Russian Federation and even in some regions of the Scandinavian countries, which indicates a good winter hardiness of the variety.
What are the advantages and disadvantages?
The advantages of the Riga Dove are as follows:
- Cold resistance, perfect health of the apple tree throughout the winter period. Not every fruit tree can boast of this. In practice, this variety has established itself as the best among others.
- The harvest from one apple tree in adulthood reaches 160 kg.
- There is no tendency to self-fall. In other words, apples attach so well to the branches that you don't have to worry at all if the day of fruit picking is delayed.
- Trees are endowed with strong immunity against various diseases, lesions and pests. Breeders instilled in the variety the ability to resist scab, powdery mildew.
Riga Golubok has no negative sides.
To determine the choice, it is worth considering the main characteristics of the variety.
Dimensions of the tree
Apple trees are of medium height. Their crowns are spreading, lush, rounded. There are a lot of branches.
The Riga Golubok has an average flowering time - the end of April - the second decade of May. In bad weather during this period, due to strong wind and rains, flowers are damaged, which then leads to a decrease in yield.
The fruits mature in the summer. In mid-late August, apples are consumed, no need to fold them and wait some more time.
The fruit is light yellow in color and the rind is thin. The presence of a delicate pinkish blush depends on the exposure of the fetus to sunlight. The mass of one copy is about 110 g.
Apples have a pleasant sweet and sour taste. The tasters give a solid 4.5 points. They are great for direct use in food, making jam, preserves, compote.
If the required storage conditions are observed, the Riga Dove remains until December.
The apple tree begins to yield in the fourth year after planting the seedling. The first harvest of fruits is often quite small. But from the next season, the figure is increasing.
The Riga Dovebot has breaks in fruiting - once every 3-4 years.
Due to the fact that the apples hold well on the branches and are not prone to falling off, they retain their wonderful appearance. The fruit is ideal for long distance transportation.
The tree tolerates winter well. Gardeners from regions where strong winds blow should be aware that the apple tree must be thoroughly wrapped. It is better to use a special covering material. From above it needs to be covered with snow. These manipulations will help keep the tree from freezing and not damage its immune system.
As noted above, the Riga Dove is immunized. If you take proper care of apple trees, you can forget about diseases. Scab and powdery mildew cause little harm in the especially rainy season, but timely measures for processing trees will help to avoid these misfortunes. Damaged tissues are able to recover quickly.
The variety is recommended for planting in the North-West, South-West and South-East parts of our country. It grows well on loamy and podzolic soil, which prevails in the Leningrad region.
The seedlings are placed in areas well-lit by the sun, at a distance of 1.5-2 meters from each other.