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Description of the Julian grape variety and yield characteristics, cultivation features

Description of the Julian grape variety and yield characteristics, cultivation features


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Since ancient times, grapes have been revered by many peoples; it was considered the berry of the Gods. It was used to make intoxicating drinks, medicinal infusions, and seed oil. Due to the high content of various types of sugars (glucose, fructose), organic acids, vitamins, macro- and microelements, it has an antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic effect. The grapes were predominantly grown in the southern regions, but the wonders of modern selection allow the northern regions to enjoy the taste of the divine berry of grapes such as Julian.

Breeding history

The Julian variety was bred by the folk breeder experimentally by Vasily Ulyanovich Kapelyushny. In the farm of the Rostov region by crossing the varieties Kesha and Rizamat. Julian took beautiful large clusters from Rizamat grapes, which, when ripe, change color from green-yellow-pink to dark pink. Also high yield and early ripening and sweetness of the berries. From the Kesha variety, Juliana's grape bunches have adopted unpretentiousness to growing conditions, frost resistance, unsurpassed taste and resistance to diseases.

Description of Julian grapes

The Julian grape belongs to hybrid varieties, bred 16 years ago, characterized by:

CharacteristicDescription
Ripening periodEarly, brushes ripen in 90-105 days
Adaptation and rootingQuickly adapts and takes root
Soil selection and careUnpretentious
DiseasesResistant to many diseases, especially fungal
The harvestAbundant, starting from 3-4 years
Commodity qualitiesLong-term storage, hardly wrinkles during transportation
Vine growthQuick
Frost resistant-23 ... -25 ° C

In 2011 he received the Golden Bunch award for its quality characteristics. The following is a description of the Julian grape variety.

Grape clusters grow weighing from 0.9 kg to 2 kg, the shape of the berries is finger-shaped, elongated-oval. One berry weighing up to 20 g has a light musk aroma and a sweet-nutmeg flavor. The skin is thin, crispy when cut, the flesh is firm, with 3-5 seeds. The bunch is cylindrical or shapeless, slightly loose, up to 40 cm in length. Vines grow up to 4 m in height in central Russia. Julian belongs to the table grape varieties, has a long stalk and bisexual flowers.

Advantages and disadvantages

Like all varieties, Julian has its pros and cons, although there are more advantages than disadvantages.

Minuses:

  1. Choosing a landing site. Of great importance in the ripening period is the choice of a sunny place, without drafts and closely located groundwater.
  2. Sharp weather changes from plus to minus can damage young vines, although this variety is considered frost-resistant.

Pros:

  1. Long-term storage of brushes that do not deteriorate externally.
  2. Resistant to mildew and other fungal diseases.
  3. Delicious, large, sweet berries, without bitterness.
  4. It grows quickly and adapts to new conditions.
  5. Is not attacked by wasps.
  6. Fruiting of signal brushes begins from the 2nd year of the seedling's life.
  7. It tolerates hot, dry summers.
  8. The harvest is early and abundant.

Julian is one of the best varieties suitable for fresh and processed consumption: jam, juice, wine, raisins, compote, jam, marmalade.

Variety characteristics

Julian took the best qualities of the parent plants, it can be called a new generation variety:

  1. Sugar accumulation up to 28%.
  2. Unpretentious in the choice of neighboring plants.
  3. Compatible with most varieties and rootstocks.
  4. Requires constant pruning due to abundant harvest and heavy bunches.
  5. Self-fertile variety, bisexual flowers.
  6. Depending on the size and age of the bush, 4-10 kg are harvested.
  7. The shelf life of bunches without losing their appearance is up to 20 days.

Thanks to its qualities, the bushes can be grown not only by professionals, but also by amateurs.

Ripening terms

The super-early variety Julian begins to bloom in the middle of May, the inflorescences bloom for 7-14 days, by the middle of August, you can get mature brushes. From the moment of flowering to ripe berries, it takes 90-105 days.

Planting and leaving

Seedlings or cuttings should be planted in the southern regions in autumn (September to early November), in spring (April-May), in the northern regions, planting is most successful in spring from early May to the first half of June:

  1. Plot. Sunny (south, southeast), with strong supports, windless.
  2. The soil. Preferably sandy loam, with deep groundwater or well-drained.
  3. Pruning. Carried out in the fall, unripe green vines are cut. Spring is carried out with the aim of removing frozen shoots and the formation of fruitful branches.

Landing is carried out in several stages:

  1. Pit preparation, width and height should be 1.5-2 times larger than the root system.
  2. Put a layer of drainage on the bottom, then add a mixture of soil with organic fertilizers on top.
  3. Water the hole abundantly, but so that there is no stagnation of water.
  4. Plant a seedling, sprinkle with soil mixture, press down a little.

A small depression should be left around the bush and a groove should be made to drain excess water. Cuttings are planted in the same way as seedlings, but at an angle of 40-50 degrees.

In spring and autumn, for better adaptation and wintering, the plants should be fertilized with nitrogen fertilizers, during the formation of the brushes, fertilized with phosphorus-potassium complexes.

It is important to prune stepchildren and extra brushes in the summer so that the grapes are poured faster and the vine does not break from the severity of the bunches.

Diseases and pests

The variety has strong immunity to most diseases, but you should not skip preventive spraying. The first spraying is carried out in the spring when buds appear, and also in the fall, after harvesting. Just like other grape varieties, if agricultural technology is not followed, they can be attacked: anthracnose, alternaria, gray rot, oidium, mildew.

The main pests of grapes are birds and wasps, but if a repelling net is stretched over the plant and the berry is not cracked, then it will not attract their attention. Also a dangerous pest: phylloxera, grape mite, marble beetle. These pests must be dealt with quickly and efficiently, as their spread can lead to the death of the entire vineyard.

Best regions to grow

The Julian variety is quite young and is still being tested in the northern regions. It grows without shelter for the winter in the Crimea, Krasnodar Territory, Rostov, Astrakhan regions, the Republics of Kalmykia and Adygea. According to gardeners' lovers, it is safely grown in Moscow, the Moscow region, South and Central Siberia, but young seedlings require shelter for the winter.

For any grape variety, agrotechnical growing conditions must be observed, then it will be possible to get a bountiful harvest and successfully overcome the winter cold.


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