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The technology of growing zucchini on the balcony

The technology of growing zucchini on the balcony



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Zucchini is one of the most popular and favorite vegetable crops in our country. Growing zucchini at home on the balcony is a very exciting affair, allowing you to get a good crop of vegetable products for the family in the absence of the ability to use a personal garden or garden plot for planting.

Growing technology

Zucchini are bush, less often climbing plants. The leaves are long-leaved, five-lobed, with prickly and rather rough pubescence. The flowers are dioecious, with a characteristic cross-pollination, which greatly facilitates the cultivation of plants at home. The fruits are represented by a fleshy false berry of elongated or cylindrical shape.

Growing this popular vegetable crop on the balcony is not difficult, but it is very important to make the right choice of variety, as well as observe agricultural technology. Caring for seedlings and adult plants does not require much time and special knowledge. It is enough to carry out such basic activities as watering and top dressing, which are subject to special requirements due to the limited area of ​​nutrition. Besides, it will be necessary to provide plants with optimal microclimatic conditions.

Features of the selection of varieties

A sufficient amount of natural sunlight and fresh air on the balcony or loggia allows you to get full fruits of zucchini. When growing vegetables in such unusual conditions, it is recommended to opt for varieties and hybrid forms, characterized by compact size, as well as the earliest possible ripening of the crop.

It is necessary that a variety or hybrid grown at home should have sufficient resistance to temperature extremes and have a good level of drought tolerance. In recent years, breeders have obtained very worthy varieties and hybrids that perfectly combine unpretentiousness with high productivity and increased endurance. The fruits of zucchini can have a green, yellow, almost black or white color.

How to plant zucchini seeds

The best white-fruit varieties of zucchini for a balcony

Many lovers of such a vegetable culture as zucchini prefer to grow exclusively white-fruited varieties that have excellent taste and are not bad stored for a long time.

Grade nameGrade descriptionAdvantages and disadvantagesFruit bearing date
"Anchor"The bush is compact, the fruits are beige and white, without a pattern. The average weight of not more than 0.8-0.9 kgStorage no more than a month. Early ripe domestic variety with high taste41-49 days
"White-fruited"Fruits are cylindrical in shape, at the base with weak ribbing, weighing 0.6-0.9 kg. The pulp is white or beige yellowNeeds increased fertility and humidity. May be affected by gray rot.36-44 days
"Roller"Shrub variety with low leafiness. Fruits are oval, smooth. The pulp is tender and loose. The average weight of the fetus is 0.8-1.3 kgResistant to low temperature, gray rot and powdery mildew36-38 days

The best varieties of zucchini for a balcony

Recently, the popularity of the most common variety of zucchini - zucchini has grown significantly. This type of green zucchini is characterized by an increased content of vitamin C.

Grade nameGrade descriptionAdvantages and disadvantagesFruit bearing date
"Zebra"The compact type is a low-bush bush with a short main shoot. Fruits are cylindrical in shape, with weak ribbing, light green in color. The flesh is beige-yellow, slightly sugared and juicy. Weight 0.4-0.6 kgEarly ripening. Not prone to overgrowing and coarsening of the skin38 days
TsukeshFruits of green color, with insignificant light impregnations, weighing no more than 1 kgUnpretentiousness, high productivity, excellent tastes48 days
"Aeronaut"The compact type is a low-bush bush with a short main shoot. Fruits of dark green color with a thin peel. The flesh is whitish yellow. The mass of a commodity fruit is 1.2-1.4 kgThin and very fragile skin. Great taste and high yield45-46 days

Getting seedlings and planting dates

To obtain an early harvest, it is recommended to use the seedling method of growing zucchini. As a rule, sowing for seedlings is carried out approximately two to three weeks before the dates of the proposed planting of the vegetable crop in a permanent place.

If the balcony or loggia is located on the south side, it is recommended to land in the early spring, approximately in the last decade of April or early May. On the balcony facing west, landing is performed in late May. The balcony facing the north side is less favorable for early planting, so the planting of zucchini should not begin until June.

Subject to microclimatic conditions and planting technology, the seeds germinate at a temperature of 15-16 ° C on the fifth day. At lower temperatures, the time of emergence of the seedlings is somewhat delayed. So, the temperature regime at the level of 12-13 ° C allows you to get seedlings in about a week.

Care Rules

With sufficient lighting, zucchini do not need to use artificial light. However, frequent cloudy weather during the growing season or cold rainy summers make it necessary to use fluorescent lamps at a rate of 200 watts per square meter. Also very important is the shading of the vegetable crop from too much exposure to sunlight.

Zucchini need systematic top dressing with a solution of mullein diluted in a ratio of 1: 5, or chicken droppings with water in a ratio of 1: 10. Typically, such top dressings are used no more than three times a month. It is possible to alternate the introduction of organics with fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. Water the plants should be plentiful and regular enough, exclusively under the root, to prevent the formation of sunburn on the leaves.

If at the stage of mass flowering for a long time there is cold and rainy weather, which reduces the age of pollinating insects, then it is necessary to carry out artificial pollination. To this end, pollen from male flowers is required on the stigma of female flowers.

The timing of the fruit

When creating optimal conditions, quite often you can encounter a strong growth of foliage, which negatively affects the timing of fruit ripening. To improve the luminosity of the ovaries and speed up fruit loading, it is recommended that thickening leaves be removed.

Experts and experienced growers recommend removing the largest and oldest leaves. Leaves are easily removed from the middle of the plants and in their lower part. Such an event is not very traumatic for a vegetable crop and, at the same time, can significantly accelerate the harvest and increase the quality characteristics of the fruit.

When growing on the balcony, do not let the squash grow too much. The limited area of ​​nutrition does not allow the vegetable crop to form a significant number of fruits during overloading with the crop, so the timely collection of zucchini stimulates the formation of new ovaries and, as a result, increases productivity.

We also offer you to get acquainted with the technology of growing cucumbers on the balcony.

Tips & Testimonials

Growing greens and many vegetable crops at home has long been considered exotic. The breeding of modern varieties adapted to such cultivation conditions allowed us to obtain impressive yields on window sills, balconies and loggias.

When growing balcony zucchini, experienced vegetable growers recommend, first of all, to pay attention to the attraction of pollinating insects. To this end, systematic spraying of plants with sweet water or honey solution is carried out.

How to grow zucchini on the balcony

According to the observations of vegetable growers, a very good result is given by growing on the balconies and loggias, in addition to the already listed varieties and hybrids, zucchini and zucchini, the varieties Belogor, Odessa 32, Gribovsky 37, Kuand and Anna, which combine unpretentiousness with high and stable productivity.